Azerbaijan declared its independence from the former Soviet Union on August 30, 1991, with Ayaz Mutalibov, former First Secretary of the Azerbaijani Communist Party, becoming the country's first President. Following a massacre of Azerbaijanis at Khojali in Nagorno-Karabakh in March 1992, Mutalibov resigned and the country experienced a period of political instability. The old guard returned Mutalibov to power in May 1992, but less than a week later his efforts to suspend scheduled presidential elections and ban all political activity prompted the opposition Azerbaijan Popular Front Party (PFP) to organize a resistance movement and take power. Among its reforms, the PFP dissolved the predominantly Communist Supreme Soviet and transferred its functions to the 50-member upper house of the legislature, the National Council.
Azerbaijan (i/ˌæzərbaɪˈdʒɑːn/AZ-ər-by-JAHN; Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan[ɑzærbɑjdʒɑn]), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan Respublikası), is a transcontinental country in the Caucasus region, situated at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south. The exclave of Nakhchivan is bounded by Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, while having a short border with Turkey in the northwest.
The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic proclaimed its independence in 1918 and became the first Muslim-majority democratic and secular republic. It was also the first Muslim-majority country to have operas, theaters and modern universities. The country was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1920 as the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. Azerbaijan proclaimed its independence on 30 August 1991, before the official dissolution of the USSR. In September 1991, the disputed Armenian-majority Nagorno-Karabakh region re-affirmed its willingness to create a separate state as the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The region, effectively independent since the beginning of the Nagorno-Karabakh War in 1991, is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan until a final solution to its status is found through negotiations facilitated by the OSCE.
Armenians vote on Sunday in a snap parliamentary election that will decide their post-war future following defeat in last year's conflict with neighbouring Azerbaijan over the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh ... Frequent anti-government protests have demanded the return of some 200 Armenian servicemen and civilians held captive by Azerbaijan.
Azerbaijan was hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic and the decline in the oil price and production ... This should be accompanied by reforms to facilitate private sector development, including improved business environment, governance, and transparency, and better access to finance ... Azerbaijan faced unprecedented challenges in 2020 ... Azerbaijan.
McLaren said F1 tyre supplier Pirelli's products were safe on Friday and called for more transparency from the governing FIA on the exact cause of high-speed failures at this month's AzerbaijanGrand Prix.","content"."McLaren said Formula One tyre...
>. 1 / 2. Motor racing-McLaren wants more transparency on cause of Baku tyre failures ...AzerbaijanGrand Prix. Oops! ... (Reuters) - McLaren said Formula One tyre supplier Pirelli's products were safe on Friday and called for more transparency from the governing FIA on the exact cause of high-speed failures at this month's Azerbaijan Grand Prix ... 1 ... 2.
During last year's war between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the UK government supported opening up the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh for mining ... The British government supported a ... The UK remains the single largest investor in Azerbaijan, according to government statistics.
Other elements of the agreement include a mutual defense pact, a plan to build Turkish drones in Azerbaijan, for Turkey to open a consulate in Shusha, and for Turkey’s government housing agency TOKI to help construct residences for former residents of the region who want to move back ... The agreement was broadly popular in Azerbaijan.
YEREVAN (Azatutyun.am)—In a ruling condemned by Armenia, a court in Azerbaijan sentenced a Lebanese-born Armenian national to 20 years in prison on Monday seven months after he was detained by Azerbaijani forces in Nagorno-Karabakh ... Drmeyan said the Armenian government will appeal against the verdict in the Strasbourg-based court.