Azerbaijan declared its independence from the former Soviet Union on August 30, 1991, with Ayaz Mutalibov, former First Secretary of the Azerbaijani Communist Party, becoming the country's first President. Following a massacre of Azerbaijanis at Khojali in Nagorno-Karabakh in March 1992, Mutalibov resigned and the country experienced a period of political instability. The old guard returned Mutalibov to power in May 1992, but less than a week later his efforts to suspend scheduled presidential elections and ban all political activity prompted the opposition Azerbaijan Popular Front Party (PFP) to organize a resistance movement and take power. Among its reforms, the PFP dissolved the predominantly Communist Supreme Soviet and transferred its functions to the 50-member upper house of the legislature, the National Council.
Azerbaijan (i/ˌæzərbaɪˈdʒɑːn/AZ-ər-by-JAHN; Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan[ɑzærbɑjdʒɑn]), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan Respublikası), is a transcontinental country in the Caucasus region, situated at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south. The exclave of Nakhchivan is bounded by Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, while having a short border with Turkey in the northwest.
The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic proclaimed its independence in 1918 and became the first Muslim-majority democratic and secular republic. It was also the first Muslim-majority country to have operas, theaters and modern universities. The country was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1920 as the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. Azerbaijan proclaimed its independence on 30 August 1991, before the official dissolution of the USSR. In September 1991, the disputed Armenian-majority Nagorno-Karabakh region re-affirmed its willingness to create a separate state as the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The region, effectively independent since the beginning of the Nagorno-Karabakh War in 1991, is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan until a final solution to its status is found through negotiations facilitated by the OSCE.
(Istanbul) – The Turkish government’s failure to comply with a binding European Court of ... It was used for the first time in 2017 when the government of Azerbaijan continuously refused to secure the unconditional release of a wrongfully jailed opposition politician, Ilgar Mammadov.
Armenia’s president has refused to sign a decree by Prime MinisterNikol Pashinyan to dismiss the army's chief of staff, amid a political crisis that has grown over the government's handling of last year's war with Azerbaijan... The truce deal, that left Azerbaijan largely in control of the territory, has sparked angry protests in Armenia, ever since.
The army has called for the resignation of Pashinyan and his government after what critics say was the disastrous handling of a bloody six-week conflict between Azerbaijan and ethnic Armenian forces over the region of ...
The most senior officer involved, general staff chief Onik Gasparyan, refused to leave his post on Mr Pashinyan’s order and joined other top brass in denouncing the government, which has been under huge pressure since Armenian forces ceded much of the Nagorno-Karabakh region to Azerbaijan in fighting last autumn.
Armenian prime minister Nikol Pashinyan has defied what he called a coup attempt by top military officers, who urged him to resign in the wake of the nation’s bitter defeat to Azerbaijan in fighting over the Nagorno-Karabakh region ... The confrontation was sparked by continuing recrimination over the defeat to Azerbaijan.
Pashinyan emerged as the leader of a wave of anti-government street protests that rocked Armenia in the spring of 2018 ... The agreement – celebrated as a victory in Azerbaijan – prompted angry crowds to storm government buildings in the Armenian capital, Yerevan.
Pashinyan emerged as the leader of a wave of anti-government street protests that rocked Armenia in the spring of 2018 ... The agreement - celebrated as a victory in Azerbaijan - prompted angry crowds to storm government buildings in the Armenian capital Yerevan.
The development comes as anti-government protesters, still angered by Pashinyan’s handling of the recent Nagorno-Karabakh conflict with Azerbaijan, renew their call that he quits ... thousands of lives and saw swathes of territory in and around Nagorno-Karabakh ceded to Azerbaijan.
Anti-government sentiment swelled last November after a conflict with Azerbaijan over the Nagorno-Karabakh region ended, and gathered pace again this week ...Turkey strongly supported Azerbaijan in the recent Nagorno-Karabakh war.
Azerbaijan continues its unilateral drawing of borders as the Armenian government remains indifferent, while at the same time, an inexplicable retreat is taking place in Artsakh-Armenia relations and in the issue of Artsakh self-governance ... The government, which has proven its ...