Azerbaijan declared its independence from the former Soviet Union on August 30, 1991, with Ayaz Mutalibov, former First Secretary of the Azerbaijani Communist Party, becoming the country's first President. Following a massacre of Azerbaijanis at Khojali in Nagorno-Karabakh in March 1992, Mutalibov resigned and the country experienced a period of political instability. The old guard returned Mutalibov to power in May 1992, but less than a week later his efforts to suspend scheduled presidential elections and ban all political activity prompted the opposition Azerbaijan Popular Front Party (PFP) to organize a resistance movement and take power. Among its reforms, the PFP dissolved the predominantly Communist Supreme Soviet and transferred its functions to the 50-member upper house of the legislature, the National Council.
Azerbaijan (i/ˌæzərbaɪˈdʒɑːn/AZ-ər-by-JAHN; Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan[ɑzærbɑjdʒɑn]), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan Respublikası), is a transcontinental country in the Caucasus region, situated at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south. The exclave of Nakhchivan is bounded by Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, while having a short border with Turkey in the northwest.
The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic proclaimed its independence in 1918 and became the first Muslim-majority democratic and secular republic. It was also the first Muslim-majority country to have operas, theaters and modern universities. The country was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1920 as the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. Azerbaijan proclaimed its independence on 30 August 1991, before the official dissolution of the USSR. In September 1991, the disputed Armenian-majority Nagorno-Karabakh region re-affirmed its willingness to create a separate state as the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The region, effectively independent since the beginning of the Nagorno-Karabakh War in 1991, is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan until a final solution to its status is found through negotiations facilitated by the OSCE.
Azerbaijan has launched a public campaign against Russia, with the government and other public figures lining up to air choreographed grievances against Moscow... On my orders, Azerbaijan's Defense Ministry sent an official letter with photographs, evidence ... This kind of information campaign by Azerbaijan isn't new, especially against Russia.
Many others saw the risk of remaining in Azerbaijan as intolerable and emigrated ... At the ceremony opening the park on April 12, Aliyev referred to officials from the early 1990s government as “dogs” who were “responsible for the occupation of Shusha and Lachin,” two territories that Azerbaijan lost in the first war and retook in this one.
It intervened in the Libyan crisis by sending arms and mercenaries to the country, supported the government of Azerbaijan in its conflict with Armenia, and launched gas explorations off the coast of Cyprus, which nearly resulted in a war.
Facebook has allowed a state-backed harassment campaign targeting independent news outlets and opposition politicians in Azerbaijan to return to its platform, less than six months after it banned the troll network ... “We investigated and publicly shared our findings about the takedown of this network in Azerbaijan last year.
Read more In first meeting since bloody 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war, Putin brings together leaders of Armenia & Azerbaijan for Moscow talks ... While internationally recognized as a de jure part of Azerbaijan, Artsakh is administered by a breakaway government that is loyal to Yerevan and includes many ethnic Armenians.
YEREVAN (Azatutyun.am)—Canada has formally banned the export of drone technology to Turkey, citing “credible evidence” that it was used by Azerbaijan during last year’s war in Nagorno-Karabakh. The Canadian government suspended export permits for such technology in early October ...
As we continue monitoring this issue, we call upon the government to apply a higher level of transparency in the process to grant arms export permits, and enforce a full ban on Canadian arms sales to Turkey and Azerbaijan... government as to the nature of the discussed cooperation.
Azerbaijan's government had already been wary of the convention because it requires serious political, social, and legal commitments, said Shahla Ismayil, the head of the NGOWomen's Association for Rational Development... Azerbaijan's government initially made positive signs about signing the convention, which the Council of Europe drafted in 2011.
(MENAFN - Trend News Agency) BAKU, Azerbaijan, April 13 By Jeila Aliyeva - Trend ... 2020, Azerbaijan has pushed Armenia to sign the surrender document ... Thus, people in Armenia who are proposing or agreeing to cooperate with Azerbaijan, which do exist, even in the government, get politically attacked as being traitors.
(MENAFN - Trend News Agency) BAKU, Azerbaijan, Apr.13 By Sadraddin Aghjayev � Trend ... Azerbaijan ... The parties also discussed the resumption of flights between Azerbaijan and Ukraine in all directions.
Armenia on Tuesday accused its historic rival Azerbaijan of fomenting ethnic hatred by displaying helmets of Armenian soldiers killed during the war between the neighbouring countries last year ... “Azerbaijan is finally consolidating its position as a global centre of intolerance and xenophobia,” the ministry said in a statement.
(MENAFN - AzerNews) By Laman Ismayilova Azerbaijan and Afghanistan are intended to expand ties in cultural fields ... Speaking about Azerbaijan's victory in the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war, Karimov thanked the Afghan government for supporting Azerbaijan in its fight for the restoration of the country's territorial integrity.
Canada has cancelled export permits to Turkey for drone technology, the foreign affairs department announced, after a government review found that Canadian-made systems had been used by Azerbaijan in the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh.
But threat intelligence – and numerous Facebook managers and executives – resisted investigating both the Honduras and AzerbaijanPage abuse cases, despite evidence in both cases linking the abuse to the national government ... Azerbaijan is an authoritarian country without freedom of the press or free elections.
On April 8, government officials in Yerevan reported that some Armenian captives, held for months in Azerbaijan, would finally be returning home... But Azerbaijan also has been making it plain that it understands the stakes for Armenians in the prisoner issue, and it's playing hardball ... But as Azerbaijan PresidentIlham Aliyev put it in January.