Azerbaijan declared its independence from the former Soviet Union on August 30, 1991, with Ayaz Mutalibov, former First Secretary of the Azerbaijani Communist Party, becoming the country's first President. Following a massacre of Azerbaijanis at Khojali in Nagorno-Karabakh in March 1992, Mutalibov resigned and the country experienced a period of political instability. The old guard returned Mutalibov to power in May 1992, but less than a week later his efforts to suspend scheduled presidential elections and ban all political activity prompted the opposition Azerbaijan Popular Front Party (PFP) to organize a resistance movement and take power. Among its reforms, the PFP dissolved the predominantly Communist Supreme Soviet and transferred its functions to the 50-member upper house of the legislature, the National Council.
Azerbaijan (i/ˌæzərbaɪˈdʒɑːn/AZ-ər-by-JAHN; Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan[ɑzærbɑjdʒɑn]), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan Respublikası), is a transcontinental country in the Caucasus region, situated at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south. The exclave of Nakhchivan is bounded by Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, while having a short border with Turkey in the northwest.
The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic proclaimed its independence in 1918 and became the first Muslim-majority democratic and secular republic. It was also the first Muslim-majority country to have operas, theaters and modern universities. The country was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1920 as the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. Azerbaijan proclaimed its independence on 30 August 1991, before the official dissolution of the USSR. In September 1991, the disputed Armenian-majority Nagorno-Karabakh region re-affirmed its willingness to create a separate state as the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The region, effectively independent since the beginning of the Nagorno-Karabakh War in 1991, is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan until a final solution to its status is found through negotiations facilitated by the OSCE.
...Azerbaijan, with scattered reports of exchanges of gun fire ... They had been governing their own affairs, with support from Armenia, since Azerbaijan's troops and Azeri civilians were pushed out of the region and seven adjacent districts in a war that ended in a cease-fire in 1994.
The latest victim who was targeted using the phone hacking spyware Pegasus has been revealed to be French PresidentEmmanuel Macron – part of a growing list that’s said to include some 600 government officials and politicians from over 30 countries ...Azerbaijan, ...
Sevinj Vagifgizi, a correspondent for the Berlin-based, Azerbaijan-focused independent media outlet Meydan TV, was targeted by Pegasus from 2019 to 2021, according to the international network Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP), which analyzed Vagifgizi’s phone ... Are you concerned about going back to Azerbaijan?.
Azerbaijan was one of the most prominent countries in the report, which found that the government has been spying on more than 1,000 journalists and opposition figures for two years ... “Everyone doing political work in Azerbaijan is under the government’s watch,” said Bakhtiyar Hajiyev, an activist and former opposition candidate for parliament.
“Enabling governments to install spyware that is used in practice to monitor hundreds of journalists and their sources throughout the world poses a major democratic problem,” RSF secretary general Christophe Deloire said in a statement on the group’s website on Wednesday ... “Israel has sold weapons and cyber equipment to Azerbaijan.
The government’s response, so far, has been obfuscation ... Over the last week, it has come to light that a highly sophisticated spyware (Pegasus), manufactured by an Israeli company, and sold only to governments, was potentially used to surveil the phones of several journalists, activists, lawyers, and legislators.
Israeli's NSOGroup is in the eye of a storm over its Pegasus spyware — but it is far from the only company helping governments with their covert surveillance operations ... But NSO are merely one player in an industry that has quietly boomed in recent years, arming even cash-strapped governments with powerful surveillance technology.
A scandalous propaganda tour was organized from July 9 to 10 by Azerbaijan’s despotic government to occupied Shushi and Hadrut to display “proudly” to foreign ambassadors its barbaric attack on the civilian population of Artsakh and partial destruction of one of its most sacred Armenian cathedrals.
RABAT - Morocco’s government has denied reports that the country's security forces may have used spyware made by Israel’s NSOGroup to eavesdrop on the cellphones of France’s president and other public figures ... The government threatened unspecified legal action ... The government said ...
RABAT, Morocco (AP) — Morocco’s government has denied reports that the country's security forces may have used spyware made by Israel’s NSOGroup to eavesdrop on the cellphones of France’s president and other public figures ... The government threatened unspecified legal action.
Macron was reportedly the target of action at the request of the Moroccan government, according to Le Monde... The allegation that governments used Pegasus to investigate opponents, journalists and other authorities came to light on Sunday (18) ... governments of at least ten countries.
Revelations that scores of journalists have been spied on by governments using NSOGroup spyware have inflamed critics around the world, and hastened calls for investigations into the spying allegations ... The consortium believes the data indicates the potential targets NSO’s government clients identified in advance of possible surveillance.