Azerbaijan declared its independence from the former Soviet Union on August 30, 1991, with Ayaz Mutalibov, former First Secretary of the Azerbaijani Communist Party, becoming the country's first President. Following a massacre of Azerbaijanis at Khojali in Nagorno-Karabakh in March 1992, Mutalibov resigned and the country experienced a period of political instability. The old guard returned Mutalibov to power in May 1992, but less than a week later his efforts to suspend scheduled presidential elections and ban all political activity prompted the opposition Azerbaijan Popular Front Party (PFP) to organize a resistance movement and take power. Among its reforms, the PFP dissolved the predominantly Communist Supreme Soviet and transferred its functions to the 50-member upper house of the legislature, the National Council.
Azerbaijan (i/ˌæzərbaɪˈdʒɑːn/AZ-ər-by-JAHN; Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan[ɑzærbɑjdʒɑn]), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan Respublikası), is a transcontinental country in the Caucasus region, situated at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south. The exclave of Nakhchivan is bounded by Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, while having a short border with Turkey in the northwest.
The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic proclaimed its independence in 1918 and became the first Muslim-majority democratic and secular republic. It was also the first Muslim-majority country to have operas, theaters and modern universities. The country was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1920 as the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. Azerbaijan proclaimed its independence on 30 August 1991, before the official dissolution of the USSR. In September 1991, the disputed Armenian-majority Nagorno-Karabakh region re-affirmed its willingness to create a separate state as the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The region, effectively independent since the beginning of the Nagorno-Karabakh War in 1991, is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan until a final solution to its status is found through negotiations facilitated by the OSCE.
Armenia’s government dismissed the demands as “not legitimate” amid renewed deadly fighting along the corridor in which Azerbaijan claimed to have captured several strategic heights ...Hayastan lawmaker Gegham Manukyan claimed that the Pashinyan government “consistently fulfills the ...
The group said it was taking “urgent action” against the country’s government. Azerbaijan is a majority Shiite country, but the state — bordering Iran, Georgia and Armenia — is secular ... Separately, in the wake of the tension between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the US has urged the two ...
The annual budgeting bill is often an opportunity for lawmakers to require reports from the administration on pressing issues, and Cárdenas focused on the TB2, highlighting Azerbaijan’s deployment of the weapon in its 2020 war against neighboring Armenia over the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh.
The protest was led by members of the Mahdi ServantsUnion, a Shiite group that seeks “civilizational dominance” according to its website, and that has accused Azerbaijan of persecuting Shiite Muslims. The group said it was taking “urgent action” against the country’s government.
Nagorno-Karabakh is internationally recognized as a part of Azerbaijan. Yet, the region has a mostly Armenian population and has been de-facto governed by the authorities of the self-proclaimed Nagorno-Karabakh Republic – also known as the Republic of Artsakh – since the 1990s, when the region first sought to break away from Azerbaijan.
Eight men have been arrested on suspicion of trespassing and criminal damage after storming the AzerbaijanEmbassy in central London on Thursday ... It was not immediately clear what the protest was over, but Al Habib's group has been openly critical of the Azerbaijan government, which they claim is oppressive against Muslims.
The President of Uzbekistan calls for further enhancing practical cooperation with Azerbaijan...Issues of further development of Uzbekistan - Azerbaijan strategic partnership and enhancing practical cooperation by the agreements of the leaders of the two fraternal states were discussed.
On Tuesday, the Artsakh defense army cautiously reported that a “stable tension” was being maintained jointly by the Russian peacekeeping contingent and the Artsakh armed forces, which thwarted Azerbaijan’s attack on Monday, according to government reports.